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      當前位置:主頁 > 新聞資訊 > 行業新聞 >
      光伏發電國家政策補貼2021年

      時間:2022-06-20 09:32 來源:互聯網 點擊量:

        光伏發電國家政策補貼2021年,6月11日,國家發改委發布《關于2021年新能源上網電價政策有關事項的通知》,與行業預期相比,政策言簡意賅,對光伏等新能源的支持導向更趨明顯。果然,文字越少事越大,僅僅四條政策就有三大重要利好:
       
        一重利好,明確2021年新備案的集中式和工商業分布式光伏項目上網電價執行當地燃煤發電基準價。此前,行業普遍預期2021年新能源項目在平價上網條件下,還將延續通過競爭性方式形成上網電價?!锻ㄖ访鞔_新能源項目直接執行燃煤發電基準價,體現了國家對支持新能源加快發展的高度重視。
       
        二重利好,強調新建項目可自愿參與市場化交易形成上網電價。而且這個上網電價是為了更好的體現綠色電力價值,這意味著光伏等新能源市場化交易價格有可能要比燃煤基準價高,與市場化交易會拉低電價的此前行業預期明顯不同。
       
        第三重利好,對于目前成本仍較高、但未來又具備發展空間的海上風電和光熱發電項目,將定價權下放到省級價格主管部門。條件比較好的地方(如廣東、江蘇、福建等海上風電資源較好省份)可以出臺地方性支持政策,既不增加國家補貼,又推動相關行業的發展。
       
        此外,國家能源局在《關于2021年風電、光伏發電開發建設有關事項的通知》中已確定2021年戶用光伏5億元補貼額度,預計補貼標準約每千瓦時3分錢,戶用光伏仍將保持較快增長。
       
        總體看,這份電價政策,充分考慮了行業訴求和意見,甚至超過預期,充分體現了國家發改委貫徹落實黨中央決策部署,積極推動光伏等新能源高質量發展的決心。政策的出臺再次顯示了在習近平總書記提出“2030年前碳達峰,2060年前碳中和”目標之后,光伏、風電等新能源發展政策環境將持續向好。這份價格政策,確是又一項實證。
        國家發展改革委關于2021年新能源上網電價政策有關事項的通知
       
        發改價格〔2021〕833號
       
        各省、自治區、直轄市發展改革委,國家電網有限公司、南方電網有限責任公司、內蒙古電力(集團)有限責任公司:
       
        為貫徹落實黨中央、國務院決策部署,充分發揮電價信號作用,合理引導投資、促進資源高效利用,推動光伏發電、風電等新能源產業高質量發展,經商國家能源局,現就2021年光伏發電、風電等新能源上網電價政策有關事項通知如下:
       
        一、2021年起,對新備案集中式光伏電站、工商業分布式光伏項目和新核準陸上風電項目(以下簡稱“新建項目”),中央財政不再補貼,實行平價上網。
       
        二、2021年新建項目上網電價,按當地燃煤發電基準價執行;新建項目可自愿通過參與市場化交易形成上網電價,以更好體現光伏發電、風電的綠色電力價值。
       
        三、2021年起,新核準(備案)海上風電項目、光熱發電項目上網電價由當地省級價格主管部門制定,具備條件的可通過競爭性配置方式形成,上網電價高于當地燃煤發電基準價的,基準價以內的部分由電網企業結算。
       
        四、鼓勵各地出臺針對性扶持政策,支持光伏發電、陸上風電、海上風電、光熱發電等新能源產業持續健康發展。

        本通知自2021年8月1日起執行。
      英文版:

      In 2021, June 11, the National Development and Reform Commission issued a notice on 2021 new energy on-grid pricing policy related matters, compared with industry expectations, the policy is concise and comprehensive, support for photovoltaic and other new energy oriented more obvious. Sure enough, the less words there are, the more things there are. Just four policies have three important benefits:
       
      A heavy positive, clear in 2021 the new record of centralized and industrial and commercial distributed photovoltaic projects to implement the local coal-fired power generation benchmark price. Previously, it is widely expected that new energy projects in 2021 will continue to form feed-in tariffs through competitive means under the condition of affordable Internet access. The circular makes it clear that the benchmark price of coal-fired power generation will be directly applied to new energy projects, which reflects the state's great importance in supporting the accelerated development of new energy.
       
      Second, it emphasizes that new projects can voluntarily participate in market transactions to form the grid price.Moreover, the on-grid price is to better reflect the value of green electricity, which means that the market transaction price of photovoltaic and other new energy may be higher than the benchmark price of coal, which is significantly different from the industry expectation that the market transaction will lower the price of electricity.
       
      Third, pricing power will be delegated to provincial pricing authorities for offshore wind and solar-thermal power projects that still have high costs but have room for development in the future. Places with better conditions (such as Guangdong, Jiangsu, Fujian and other provinces with better offshore wind power resources) can introduce local support policies to promote the development of related industries without increasing state subsidies.
       
      In addition, the National Energy Administration in the "Notice on 2021 Wind power, photovoltaic power Development and Construction of relevant matters" has determined the 2021 household photovoltaic subsidy quota of 500 million yuan, the subsidy standard is expected to be about 3 cents per KWH, household photovoltaic will still maintain rapid growth.
       
      Overall, this price policy has fully considered the demands and opinions of the industry, and even exceeded expectations. It fully reflects the determination of the National Development and Reform Commission to implement the decisions and deployment of the CPC Central Committee and actively promote the high-quality development of photovoltaic and other new energy. The introduction of the policy once again shows that after General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward the goal of "carbon peak by 2030, carbon neutral by 2060", the policy environment of photovoltaic, wind power and other new energy development will continue to improve.This price policy is indeed another demonstration.
       
      Notice of the National Development and Reform Commission on the new Energy Feed-in tariff policy in 2021
       
      The price (2021) is No. 833
       
      Development and Reform Commissions of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, State Grid Co., LTD., China Southern Power Grid Co., LTD., Inner Mongolia Electric Power (Group) Co., LTD.
       
      For the implementation of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council decision deployment, fully give play to the role of electricity price signal, guide rational investment, promote efficient utilization of resources, to promote high quality photovoltaic power generation, wind power and other new energy industry development, the National Energy Administration in business, now 2021, photovoltaic power generation, wind power and other new energy feed-in tariff policy matters related to notice the following:
       
      1. Starting from 2021, for newly registered centralized photovoltaic power stations, industrial and commercial distributed photovoltaic projects and newly approved onshore wind power projects (hereinafter referred to as "new projects"), the central government will no longer provide subsidies and implement affordable Internet access.
       
      Ii. The on-grid price of new projects in 2021 shall be based on the local benchmark price of coal-fired power generation;New projects can voluntarily participate in market transactions to form the feed-in price, so as to better reflect the green power value of photovoltaic and wind power generation.
       
      Iii. Starting from 2021, the on-grid price for new approved (archival) offshore wind power projects and solar-thermal power generation projects will be set by local provincial price authorities, and can be set through competitive allocation if conditions permit. If the on-grid price is higher than the local benchmark price for coal-fired power generation, the part within the benchmark price will be settled by power grid enterprises.
       
      4. Encourage local governments to introduce targeted support policies to support the sustainable and healthy development of new energy industries such as photovoltaic power generation, onshore wind power, offshore wind power and solar thermal power generation.
       
      This notice will take effect on August 1, 2021.
       
      National Development and Reform Commission
       
      June 7, 2021
       
      2021/06/11 price department
       
       
       
       
        

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